Updated: Jun 12
The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) was formed in 1967 with its headquarters set in Geneva, Switzerland. The paramount objective of the organisation is the promotion and protection of Intellectual property (IP). It joined the United Nations in 1974 and expanded its vision to include public interest as well as economic, social and cultural developments. The organisation also acts as a comprehensive data source for information related to all forms of IP .
The WIPO has established a system of enhanced inter-connected global databases with an inclusive infrastructure for sharing information. This ensures dissemination of the data with the national and regional IP offices.
Following are the databases offered by WIPO:
A. TECHNOLOGY DATABASES:
This database contains information regarding the technology used in over a million patent inventions. It provides complete patent documents, such as the patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), and also contains information about the documents at the national and regional patent offices across the globe. It Contains over 96 million patent documents, including 4 million published applications under the PCT.
2. WIPO PEARL
This is WIPO’s terminology portal which consists of the technical terms present in multiple patent documents. It ensures accuracy of the meaning of these terms when used in different languages.
3. GLOBAL BRAND DATABASE
This is a search-based database containing brand information. It assists a user to decipher whether a pre-existing mark is similar to their mark.
It includes more than 46 million records from 55 national and international sources.
4. MADRID MONITOR
This is a system-specific database containing information regarding any application and trademark registration made under the Madrid System. It allows the user to determine the status of a trademark registration.
5. ARTICLE 6TER
This database is especially established for the information related to State emblems as well as names and abbreviations protected under Article 6ter of the Paris Convention of 1883. It was introduced in 1925 to offer a degree of protection to official signs of states.
6. GLOBAL DESIGN DATABASE
This is the primary WIPO source for all the information related to Industrial Designs. It includes over 13 million registered designs administered by WIPO. It also includes the data administered in the participating members’ national collection.
7. HAGUE EXPRESS
The Hague System provides details regarding the industrial designs registered under the Hague System. It permits registration in multiple jurisdictions with minimum formalities. It is weekly updated with every bibliographical data published under an international registration.
8. LISBON EXPRESS
The Lisbon Express contains data of all the appellations of origin as well as Geographical Indications. The information contained under this is in accordance with the WIPO International Bureau’s International Register as per the Lisbon System.
B. IP LAWS AND TREATIES:
1. WIPO-ADMINISTERED TREATIES
This database essentially provides the full text as well as summaries of all the international treaties administered by the WIPO. Till date, WIPO has administered 26 treaties and agreements with the aim of promoting and protecting all forms of IP s.
2. WIPO LEX
This is an elaborate database containing all the information regarding the laws on IP. It includes the data from all the WIPO member states as well as the United nations members and countries associated with the World trade organisation. The database is categorised into three parts for the convenience of the users :
IP laws and regulations
WIPO-administered treaties and IP‑related treaties
C. WIPO STANDARDS:
This database provides an established framework which may be adopted while working with IP documents. It includes data about all forms of IP and consists of information regarding their documentation for the public. Further, it assists the regional and national IP offices across the member states to work in a more effective and efficient manner.
D. INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATIONS:
This is a comprehensive database consisting of four types of international categories namely:
International Patent Classification (IPC)
Nice Classification (for marks)
Vienna Classification (for figurative elements of marks)
Locarno Classification (for industrial designs)
These categories are indexed structures which help in convenient IP searches and retrieval.
E. INFORMATION RESOURCES:
WIPO databases also provide for predominantly research -based sources of IP information across the world. These include up-to-date statistics, analysis, case studies, legal information as well as highly credible publications. They are categorised as :
ARTICLE 6TER - https://www.wipo.int/ipdl/en/6ter/search-struct.jsp
GLOBAL BRAND DATABASE - https://www.wipo.int/reference/en/branddb/
GLOBAL DESIGN DATABASE - https://www.wipo.int/reference/en/designdb/
HAGUE EXPRESS - https://www.wipo.int/hague/en/design_search/
INFORMATION RESOURCES- https://www.wipo.int/reference/en/
INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATIONS - https://www.wipo.int/classifications/en/
LISBON EXPRESS - https://www.wipo.int/ipdl/en/search/lisbon/search-struct.jsp
MADRID MONITOR - https://www3.wipo.int/madrid/monitor/en/
PATENTSCOPE - https://www.wipo.int/patentscope/en/
WIPO ADMINISTERED TREATIES - https://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/
WIPO LEX - https://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/index.html
WIPO PEARL - https://www.wipo.int/reference/en/wipopearl/
WIPO STANDARDS - https://www.wipo.int/standards/en/index.html